Unraveling the Three Myths of George Washington

George Washington, our first president, is one of the foremost figures in American history. He is known to many Americans as the "father of our nation" because he became the greatest American legend involved in the freedom and development of our country in numerous ways: a military hero, the first president, a signer of America Declaration of Independence, just to name a few. What has happened to such men as Washington is that myths were created that increased fame and honor. However, most myths become stories so high that they become exaggerations or lies. Such is the case with the three most popular myths about Washington's life.

1. Cherry: Young George Washington used his new ax and cut his father's cherry. When his father discovered that he had cut down a tree, he asked his son if he was the perpetrator. George said he really destroyed it and his father accepted it as an act of forgiveness. This story is probably the most popular Washington myth, but it's a fable. That story came from a book written by a minister named Mason Locke Weems, or "Parson" Weems who was an American author, and wrote several biographies of historical figures. His most famous biography was Washington's life, wrote in 1800. Weems also wrote about other lesser known myths about Washington. Most who read the book thought it was absurd.

2. False wood teeth: Washington's false teeth were not made of wood. It seems that our first president has been cursed with chronic dental problems most of his life. He wore dentures made of human, and probably cow and horse teeth, ivory, lead-tin alloys, copper alloys (perhaps brass), and silver alloys. So, it seems he carried almost every alternative type of element that could have been made into a tooth. At his home in Mount Vernon, visitors can see a display of his latest dentures, apparently made of ivory. Interestingly, these dentures are the most depicted things.

3. Silver dollar thrown over the Potomac River: Did Washington throw a silver dollar across the Potomac River? The width of the river ranges from 1300 feet to 11 miles. It is humanly impossible to throw a coin from side to side. Also, the colonial government did not forge silver "dollars" until 1794. Prior to that date, the Spanish colonies or the "Piece of Eight" circulated in the original colonies. Except for Washington, he was 67 when he died in 1799. So he would be a pretty old man, at 63, when the first dollar was thrown out.

The myths about famous men and women have been invented to make their lives seem bigger and more interesting than they already are. Whether myths start out as stories written in books or created among drunk men in coffee shops, gossip is unnecessary. Washington was such a well-known American figure, creating myths slightly enhanced the acts that made him such a legendary American hero. These three myths spread around him surely pale in comparison to his vast list of accomplishments.

George and Martha Washington Lamps – History

Sorry, but these lamps don't really have much to do with George and Martha Washington, except for their fashion and dress fashion.

Most George and Martha Washington lamps are made of porcelain circa 1940. They are usually made of genuine 22K gold ornament. Try as much as you want, but you can never duplicate the gold color used in these beautiful porcelain lamps unless you use real gold.

Although commonly referred to as the lamps of George and Martha Washington, the ornamental figures decorating these porcelain lamps actually represent the wealthy members of the court of French King Louis XV about 1765.

Decorative figures are usually in different romantic situations, picnics, dances, poetry, singing, etc. The original paintings on many of these lamps were originally from the French artist Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806). Fragonard was known for his very lavish and hedonistic art, which the rich artistic patrons of Louis XV. Morally loose and fun loving courts are highly sought after. The lampshades of George and Martha represent Fragonard's much more closed images.

George and Martha Washington bulbs are no longer manufactured and the value of these vintage lamps continues to grow.

George Washington lived from 1732 to 1799, so he was alive when the original designs were created for these beautiful lamps in France.

1775 The Continental Congress named Washington Commander-in-Chief of the American Revolutionary Forces. He was later elected president in 1789, but George and Martha Washington had nothing to do with these lamps, except that they both had a similar dressing pattern that was common in France during that period.

– Jim Hoyle

Top 5 facts about the George Washington Bridge

Tourists and history buffs love the interesting facts about the George Washington Bridge. There is certainly no shortage of fun facts about the George Washington Bridge. Here are the five most unusual.

1. Radio fans save the jumper

Howard Stern fans were called to action on December 7, 1994. A young man called Stern's radio show and announced that he would soon jump off the George Washington Bridge. Listeners on the west side stopped the cars and tried to distract him. A Port Authority police officer who also listened to Stern rescued the man and then used the cellphone of a potential jumper to tell Stern and his listeners that the man was safe.

2. Deviations from flight plans

Christmas Day 1965 shocked drivers on the George Washington Bridge as a small plane descended down the westbound lanes. The young pilot skipped his pre-flight flight and removed the fuel cap. Old pilots & # 39; the proverb is: "From which you walk is a good landing. An excellent landing is one where you can use the aircraft again. ”This was a good landing, as the pilot and his passenger left with only minor injuries. However, a large landing has been brought down since the plane crash. A truck was also loaded into it, the driver of which was having fun explaining to his dispatcher why he was late and his equipment was damaged. Motorcyclists received another aviation surprise on January 15, 2009 when U.S. Airways Flight 1549 landed on them. Pilot Chesley Sullenberger was able to clear the bridge from just 900 feet before entering Hudson.

3. What's in a name?

Local newspapers called for a more inventive name than the original Hudson River Bridge. Among their proposals were the Bridge of Bistata and Mothers, the Bridge of Prosperity, the Gate of Paradise and the Pride of the Nation. However, the children of New York schools managed to lobby for a re-appearance in honor of George Washington. The name is especially fitting because the end of the Manhattan bridge is near Fort Washington, from where Washington once pulled its forces to Fort Lee – the end of the bridge in New Jersey.

4. The heaviest traffic in the world

The day the George Washington Bridge was opened, it housed over 55,000 vehicles, 33,000 pedestrians and one horseman named Rubio. Now the bridge carries about 106 million vehicles a year – an average of almost 300,000, which is the majority of all motor vehicle bridges in the world. Pedestrians, as well as skaters and cyclists, still cross the upper deck.

5. Accidental landfill

With all this traffic, unhappiness is inevitable. Occasionally trucks overturned and spilled their cargo. Unplanned deliveries included beer, frozen chicken and watermelon portions. One truck unleashed a herd of goats roaming down the driveways. Another truck treated the bridge's drivers and employees to release fertilizer when it failed to contain manure.

Mt Washington Real Estate: A Look at the Numbers

For many years – a decade, in fact – LA County in Mount Washington was one of the hidden treasures of the Los Angeles neighborhood. All that changed during the boom of real estate in the mid-1990s and since that time, running on the mountain. Homes For Sale In Washington Related To California Gold Rush. Shopper for shoppers, investors, home slippers and creative types are getting saved at Mt. Washington real estate is the fastest. Let's see what the facts and figures tell us.

Mount Washington is located in northeast Los Angeles, south of Eagle Rock, west of Highland Park and northeast of Cypress Park. This mountain community is located in the San Rafael Hills. Each house is located on unique and hilly terrain. This eclectic community is home to many styles of homes that allow people to build on all shapes, sizes and slopes.

Various styles include: cottages, medieval models, Spanish, a medieval hillside town, historic artisans, log cabins, bungalows and artisans.

According to the LA Times, the population of Mount Washington was 13,531 people in 2008. With a radius of 1.85 square miles, there were 6,878 people per square mile. That's about average for Los Angeles County. The average income in 2008 was $ 57,725 and 2.9 per household size. These two numbers are average for the county.

Although the houses are in the hills, Mount Washington is surprisingly accessible for walking, biking and public transportation. According to WalkScore.com, Mount Washington is a bit walkable with a score of 50. You can make some moves on foot. The transit result for Mount Washington is 59, which means there are many affordable public transportation options – including the Metro Gold Line which puts travelers in the Museum of the Southwest. And lastly, although this community is adorned with a series of steep hills, there are some bike lanes on the main roads that earn you a point of 35.

Zillow states that Mount Washington's home value index is $ 720,100. This is a 5.1% increase from last year. Zillow predicts value will grow 2.8% by the end of the year, to $ 740,000. The average cost per square foot is $ 612, which is higher than the Los Angeles average of $ 451 per square foot. The average rental price is $ 2,942 per month.

Since Redfin named Mount Washington one of the hottest cities in the country, house flyovers have increased like wildfires across the community. In fact, Zillow has labeled the housing market as "cold" because it has become ideal for a buyer with so many fresh homes. Due to this increase in listing, approximately 11.5% of listed shares end up shaving off prices. Compared to other markets in the country, Mount Washington has a market health of 2.2 / 10. This is part of the average real estate turnover. People will still look for homes in Mount Washington, but eventually most homes will be remodeled and / or sold. Once the number of listings goes down, the community will return to Hot – a market vendor – with a bunch of people trying to get a property in this hidden Los Angeles oasis.

Springtime in Washington – our top 10 things to see

1 NATIONAL PARK
This is not your dad's baseball stadium, the Washington Nationals play in one of the country's most modern parks that make everything very convenient and memorable. The biggest feature that stands out is the digital displays used for concession stands in the park. Orders come faster and with fewer errors, which means less queue time and more time watching the match.

2 NATIONAL BLOSSOM FAITH FESTIVAL
There is no central location for this festival, as events and festivities take place throughout the city in the spring. Shades of sequins and whites fill the peripheral view, making even the poorest tourist spots look happy.

3 TRUCKEROO
Foodies unite! Truckeroo is fast food okay. Food trucks gather each spring to show off their menus, while music and entertainment kick off the party as you feast on a new and delicious meal. There is something for everyone here, not just fried foods and burgers.

4 DRAGON SHIP FESTIVAL
Take a trip down the Potomac River to experience a great display of Chinese art and cultural demonstrations, culminating in a major event of dragon boat racing.

5 WHITE HOUSE EASTERN RASP
This spring tradition speaks for itself. Each year, tens of thousands of people convert to the White House lawn to participate in the annual egg roll as well as games and activities for the whole family.

6 PASSPORT DC
This is where Washing DC should be best known for: a multicultural celebration. Each year, a collective "festival" takes place in May, bringing together embassies and teaching the public about different cultures and relationships with a sample of different arts and traditions.

7 SMITSON'S JAZZ SUBJECT
There is almost always something going on at the Smithsonian, but in the spring they dedicate the month of April to the art and heritage of the Jazz. You will find lots of special guests talking and performing, a must-see for all music lovers, let alone jazz.

8 USA NAME AND ENGINEERING FESTIVAL EXPO
Held at the Washington Convention Center, this festival holds hundreds of activities and workshops for anyone interested in science and technology. The envelope of what science and engineering can achieve is constantly being pushed, you can get an insight into what the future may have in this exhibition.

9 FILMFEST DC
DC's oldest and most popular film festival comes every year in late April to bring the most anticipated and newly discovered gems from around the world to the audience. Some locations are cheaper to enter than others, so don't think it's a festival open to the elite only.

10 FREDERICK DOUGLASS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PLACE
This is another place to visit while in Maryland. The famous slave who escaped slavery to become one of the most hated black scholars and activists has stepped into a modest home once inhabited by one of America's strongest minds.

Slave and Slave Literature: Booker T Washington and Lorena Vivian Hansberry

Slavery refers to the condition in which individuals are owned by others who control where they live and what they work on. It is simple to be a slave to be owned by another person known as his master. A slave is a human being classified as an asset and forced to do nothing. Slavery has existed throughout history in many places and many times. The ancient Greeks, Romans, Incas, and Aztecs all had slaves.

Slavery in the United States began during the colonial period in 1619, when 19 black Africans were brought to the North American colony, Jamestown, Virginia, by Dutch traders as laborers who worked mainly to produce tobacco and later cotton. Slavery was practiced in the American colonies during the 17th and 18th centuries and prevailed for almost 250 years.

According to historians David Brion Davis and Eugene Genovese, the treatment of slaves in America was rude and inhumane during and beyond labor. The slaves suffered physical abuse and it is striking that the government allowed it. Although the treatment of slaves varied in time and place; but generally it was brutal and humiliating. Most masters viewed their slave as objects such as their land, a thing that needed to be "worn out, not improved".

The slaves were distributed on the surface of the plantation for life in quarters. In some plantations, the owners would provide slaves with accommodation, while in other slaves they had to build houses themselves. They lived in cramped cabins. One recalled: "We were housed in log cabins and there was an unknown luxury on bare ground wooden floors. In one room we were lit up like cattle, ten or a dozen people, men, women and children … we didn't have any beds , neither the furniture of any description and our beds were a collection of straw and old rags. "

Slaves wore clothing made of coarse material and were often inappropriate. Moreover, slaves were punished by flogging, beating, mutilation and imprisonment. Punishment was often imposed in response to disobedience, but masters sometimes abused or falsely punished them to assert their dominance. The abuse did not end here; It also included rape, sexual abuse of women, the beating of pregnant women, and these types of cruelty were more pronounced in the southern states than in the north.

The teaching of slaves to reading was discouraged. However, in the 18th century, the abolition movement began in the North, and the country began to divide the issue between the North and the South. 1820 The Missouri Compromise bans slavery in all new western territories, which the Southern States see as a threat to the institution of slavery itself. In 1857, a Supreme Court decision known as the "Dred Scott decision" stated that blacks were not citizenship and had no citizenship; therefore slaves who fled to free states were not free but remained the property of their owner and must be returned to them. The election of Abraham Lincoln, a member of the Republican anti-slavery Republican Party, for the Presidency in 1860 convinced many Southerners that slavery would never be allowed to expand, and should therefore be abolished. Some southern states reacted against this and this led to a civil war. During the war, Abraham Lincoln issued his famous "Emancipation Proclamation" freeing slaves in all areas of the country who were in rebellion at the time. Finally, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution officially freed American slaves.

African American literature is the literature they write about, and sometimes especially for African Americans. Vogue began during the 18th and 19th centuries, when writers such as the poet Philis Wheatley and Orator Frederick Douglass reached an early high point with the Harlem Renaissance, and continues today with authors such as Tony Morrison and Maya Angelou among leading writers in the United States. African-American literature focuses mainly on topics of interest to black people, such as the role of African-Americans in wider American society, and issues such as African-American culture, racism, religion, slavery, freedom and equality. The focus began with the earliest African-American writing, such as the slave narrative, the kind of literary works that make up written accounts of enslaved Africans. The Slave Story contains a detailed account of the slave conditions listed above.

The first respected African-American author, poet Philis Wheatley, published his book, "Poems on the Other Subjects," in 1773, three years before American independence. Born in Senegal, Africa, Wheatley was captured and sold into slavery at the age of 7. Taken to America, it was owned by a Boston merchant. Although she did not speak English at first, by the age of 16 she had mastered the language. Many of the leading figures of the American Revolution have praised her poetry
Despite this, many whites found it difficult to believe that a Black woman could be so intelligent as to write poetry. As a result, Wheatley had to defend herself in court by proving that she had actually written her poetry.

To represent the true reality of slavery, a number of former slaves like Harriet Jacobs and Frederick Douglass have written slave narratives. After slavery ended, a number of African authors continued to write non-fiction works on the conditions of African-Americans in the country. Among the prominent clergy is WEB Du Bois. Another prominent author of this period is Booker Taliaferro Washington (1856-1915) who in many ways represented opposing views from Du Bois. He was from the last generation of black African leaders born into slavery and became the leading voice of former slaves and their descendants. He is known for his speech "The Atlanta Compromise." He called for black progress through education and entrepreneurship, instead of trying to directly challenge the Jim Crow segregation and disenfranchisement of black voters in the South.

In contrast to Du Boise, who took a more cautious stance in America to end racial strife, Washington believed that Blacks should first rise and prove themselves equal to whites before demanding racism. His autobiography, The Story of My Life and Work, was published in 1900 for a wide African American audience. Meanwhile, during 1900-1901, Washington began publishing "Up From Slavery" a serial account of his life in the popular magazine & # 39; Outlook & # 39 ;. "Worse than Slavery" follows its path from slave to educator. The book opens with the childhood hardships of Washington, beginning with his life as a slave on a Virginia plantation where the lack of a family name and history that would give an identity to his existence was painful and difficult to understand. He mentions slaves as loyalty and loyalty to the master, but emphasizes the brutality of the establishment: lack of refinement in life, poor nutrition, poor clothing and ignorance were slaves & # 39; a lot. The focus in the immediate chapters is the struggle for literacy. In the final chapter of "From Slavery," Washington describes his career as a public speaker and civil rights activist. He was an educator and founder of the Tuskgee Institute, a college in black in Alabama. Among his other published works are "The Happiness of the American Negro" (1899), "Tuskgee and His Men" (1905) and "My Bigger Cheek" (1911).

Lorraine Vivian Hansberry was the first brunette to write a play performed on Broadway. Her most famous work, "A Spit in the Sun," sheds light on the lives of blacks to Americans living under racial segregation in Chicago. The Hansberry family fought against segregation, challenging a restrictive agreement and ultimately provoking the Supreme Court case of Hansberry Vs., Lee.

In the city of New York Hansberry works in the Pan-African newspaper "Freedom"; where she dealt with intellectuals like Du Bois. Much of her work during this time concerned the African struggle for liberation and their impact on the world. Hansberry has been recognized as a lesbian in several of her works, and sexual freedom is an important topic.

Her play "Rye in the Sun" has been translated into 35 languages ​​and is performed worldwide. "Outburst in the Sun" is full of conflicts: generational conflicts, gender conflicts, ideological conflicts and perhaps the most important conflict of dreams at the heart of the play. The dream is one of the characteristic themes of the play. Each character in the play has a very specific dream. Walter dreams of success, mom dreams of a suitable home for her family to succeed, Beneatha dreams of becoming a doctor. And these dreams stimulate the characters and frustrate them because every day that passes does not bring a plan to realize those dreams.

African American people, who have suffered a great deal of physical and mental suffering from fantastic works of literature that have earned honor not only in America but around the world. Their actions mainly reflect their suffering and struggle to achieve identity in white society. They have provided a tremendous service to English literature and continue to do the same.

What America needs now is a secular president, like George Washington

Religious controversies always result in more cruelty and irreconcilable hatred than those originating from any other source. ( George Washington, letter to sir Edward Newenham, June 22, 1792)

Reduce your enthusiasm for progressive candidates who mock your religious faith. This essay

explains why god speakers, however attractive they may be, will prove dangerous to the kind of nation that JFK envisioned:

I believe in an America where separation of church and state is absolute … where no religious body wants to impose its will directly or indirectly on the general population. (September 12, 1960 by the Greater Houston Ministerial Association)

Obviously, all advanced candidates are preferred by typical far-right, divisive fundamentalists such as Mike Huckabee, Mike Pence, or almost any Republican in Congress, the Supreme Court, or the office of Donald Trump. However, an advanced candidate who parades loudly on his religiosity, even though he checks all or most of the well-regarded liberal frameworks – gay, youthful, smart and well-educated, kind, attractive, witty, war veteran, maybe even vegan and so on – would still should be viewed skeptically as a likely risk to the preservation of the remnants of our secular Republic.

This is not an uncommon concern. Not to mention any mayor in the midwest who at the moment may seem almost too attractive to be true, concerns for pious believers should be assessed by enthusiasts for the sake of science, rationality and especially the strict separation of church and state. There seems to be extreme caution to those who claim that theology reports on their political views.

In some ways, secularists could be encouraged by an attractive Democratic presidential candidate who shows Christian piety, because the first thought might be that this increases his chances of election. We have seen instances where some devout liberal, such as an old man in a play Bye Bye Birdie, who looks perfect in every way, calls into question Trump's religion, a moralistic mockery of the hypocritical vice president for participating in it porn star presidency and employs biblical references to support his views. Unfortunately, the public interest in secular democracy is not sufficiently served by politicians debating who is a good Christian or number one believer. Who cares, or should worry? Have believers lead these discussions, if they are so inclined, but let them take place in churches and in religious households, rather than candidate forums or political campaigns.

Personally, I confess, I would prefer an attractive Democratic candidate who decorates his speeches with Christian arrogance above all as a strategy to win over segments of the religious right, than one who really believes in such nonsense. I never thought I'd adopt or at least adapt Barry Goldwater's infamous remark from the 1964 presidential campaign to justify such expediency (i.e. Extremism in defense of freedom is not a vice; moderation in the pursuit of justice is not a virtue ). However, given the current circumstances of 2019, I do not have such a ban, so here is:

False piety in defense of liberty is not such a terrible vice, if done to prevent another term for Donald Trump. Speech that diminishes the supernatural but damages the chances of reason in government is not a virtue.

Expediency aside, here are some examples of the current rhetoric of an otherwise glowing candidate that triggers my theocratic sentiment of warning:

He said at a CNN City Hall meeting: It is my feeling that the Scripture speaks of protecting a stranger, a prisoner, and a poor person and that idea of ​​welcome. This is what I get in the Gospel when I am in church.

In fact, I prefer someone who feels that way all the time, about everyone, not just when they read the Gospel and / or in church.

An otherwise ideal candidate has also criticized the vice president in a way that simply seems spiritually weird:

The Vice President's perspective has a lot more to do with sexuality and, I don't know, a particular outlook or correctness.

I find it challenging to link Pence to sexuality, especially given his over-developed focus on propriety, moral rectitude, and righteousness.

When a candidate shows quotations from the holy books and presents what he considers to be revealed wisdom from religious dogmas and teachings, the clear message is that his or her views in politics are informed, guided, or relied on spiritual or religious issues. This in turn adds to the widespread misconception and hopes of religious fundamentalists that America is a Christian people.

James Madison believed that religious slavery shackles and weakens the mind and sets it apart for every noble endeavor, every extended perspective.

I wonder if an otherwise attractive candidate would agree with either President Madison or President Kennedy's previously cited commitment to the absolute separation of church and state.

In a Washington Post article the other day, David Niose offered to take on an otherwise attractive presidential candidate:

There is a reason that progressors have over time reduced religion in their ranks – and we call that reason progress. Science and empiricism, along with values ​​that recognize the dignity and value of all individuals, are considered legitimate grounds for progressive policy dialogue. (David Niose, Neither Mayor Pete Buttigieg nor progressive Christianity is anything to celebrate , at Hemant Mehta Friendly Atheist, April 21, 2019)

What America now needs is a candidate somewhat in the mold of Courtland Palmer, as described in Col. Robert Green Ingersoll's further funeral:

He explored for himself the issues, problems, and mysteries of life. Most were nothing to him. No mistake can be old enough, popular, credible, or profitable enough to back up his judgment or maintain peace. He believed in intellectual hospitality, in a good exchange of thoughts, in good mental manners, in the grace of the soul, in the chivalry of debate. He believed in the morality of the useful, that virtues are the friends of humanity, the seed of joy. He lived and worked for his fellow men.

Alas, neither George Washington, John F. Kennedy, James Madison, or Courtland Palmer are available, but there are many others who would advance a political agenda that held separate and distinct governmental affairs of all people from the harsh spiritual agendas of Christianity and other religions.

Jumping for beginners at Washington State

STRENGTHENING BAIL:

In Washington, a person commits a "bail" offense if released on personal recognizance or on bail and released with knowledge to be returned to court for subsequent hearing. Washington Revised Code 9A.76.170 (1). A person is also guilty of bail jump if they have knowledge of the requirement to apply to a correctional facility to serve their sentence and fail to do so. Id . To put it bluntly, if you are charged with a crime and fail to appear in court when you know you need to, or if you do not go to jail (or jail) to serve your sentence when you are known, you are guilty of bail jumping.

The crime of bail jumping can be a felony or a misdemeanor. The class or level of bail jump depends on the offense you were originally charged with and do not appear. Bail jumping is:

(a) a Class A felony if that person is detained, charged or convicted of first-degree murder;

(b) a Class B felony if that person is detained, charged or convicted of a Class A felony, other than first-degree murder;

(c) a Class C felony, if the person is detained, charged or convicted of a Class B or Class C felony;

(d) misdemeanor if the person is detained, charged or convicted of a serious misdemeanor or misdemeanor.

Washington Revised Code 9A.76.170 (3).

DEFENSE:

Is there a jump jump defense? Yes. There is a positive defense. Affirmative defense means admitting that you committed the act, but it was legally justified. The defense is exposed by the bail jumping statute. It states:

That is a positive defense to the prosecution in this section

that uncontrollable circumstances prevented the person from doing so

appearance or surrender and that person did not contribute

creating such circumstances in reckless disrespect

a condition to appear or surrender, and that person to appear

or surrendered as soon as such circumstances ceased to exist.

Washington Revised Code 9A.76.170 (2).

The question is: What is considered an "uncontrollable circumstance"? Uncontrolled circumstances mean you have no control over the circumstances that caused you to fail the court. The act of God can be qualified. For example, if you miss a court because a tornado picks up your car (or you) and smashes it (or you) to the ground, then a pretty good defense might be that you missed the required court date due to uncontrollable circumstances. If you are in the hospital, this can be considered qualified if you can get a medical message that you were hospitalized and could not go to court. Beware, however, if you were in the hospital for something you did, the prosecutor may claim that you "contributed to the creation of such circumstances." If you are kidnapped and held hostage, this can also be considered a defense. Regardless of the uncontrolled circumstance that prevents you from scheduling your court appointment, just make sure that you are on the court calendar as soon as you are able to meet the requirement to appear or surrender as soon as your uncontrolled circumstances expire. to exist.

There may be other defenses that would fall under the "burden of proof" category. This means that the prosecution body simply does not have sufficient evidence to prove every element of the prosecution beyond a reasonable doubt. For example, they may not have records of being informed of the requested court date and therefore cannot prove an element of knowledge.

Generally speaking, proving bail jump charges is relatively straightforward for prosecutors. All they need is 1) a certified copy of a promise to appear in court on the date the defendant signed when he received the court date, and 2) a witness, such as a court clerk who can testify on the date the defendant is due to appear, in court records is said to have failed to appear.

A copy of the promise to appear signed by the defendant shows knowledge of the motion to appear. In the county where I practice the language in the order that determines the next mandatory court date says:

He ordered the defendant to appear at all trial hearings

(pre-trial or status hearing) … Defendant's absence

at trial or in suitability for trial or any other hearing as determined by the trial court

The court may result in the issue of a slaughter order, forfeiture

Bail and / or prosecution for bail jump accordingly

Washington Revised Code 9A.76.170.

Bail jumping charges can be very difficult to defend. Just forgetting a court date is not a defense. The Division of the Second Court of Appeals of the State of Washington held that, based on a plain reading of the statute, "I forgot," it was not a defense. The prosecution only has to prove that he knew about the court date, not that he knew about the date afterwards.

For the defense attorney, they must investigate the law and the records in that case. They need to determine if the hearing was any that the defendant really should have appeared on. There are different types of hearings and not all of them are mandatory. They must investigate and determine whether the defendant really had knowledge of the request to appear at the hearing and, if so, if there was actual evidence to prove it. Is there a living witness like an officer who will call the prosecution? Is there a certified copy of the signed promise to appear? In the end, they must investigate the reason for not reporting and determine whether it was an "uncontrollable circumstance."

SENTENSIONS FOR STRENGTHENING BAIL:

As noted above, bail jumping is a misdemeanor if the defendant is "detained, charged or convicted of a serious misdemeanor or misdemeanor." Washington Revised Code 9A.76.170 (3) (d). The maximum sentence for a misdemeanor is 90 days in prison and a $ 1,000 fine. In those cases, the sentencing judge can authorize a bail jumper anywhere from 0 to 90 days in prison and up to $ 1,000 fine. In addition, the defendant may be conditioned and required to pay probation.

If bail falls into one of the offenses, it becomes a little more complicated. In Washington, the sentencing scheme is basically working on a network system. The vertical edge of the grid is the "severity level". The horizontal edge is the "result of the offender." There are 16 levels of severity in the Washington system. Sixteen levels have only one felony: aggravated murder. The only two penalties for this offense are life in prison without the possibility of probation and death, regardless of your perpetrator's assessment. The lowest level of severity is One. That level includes crimes such as second-degree theft (property theft between $ 750 and $ 5,000) and forgery. The offender rating consists of qualifying previous criminal convictions. When you determine the severity of the crime and the perpetrator's assessment, you will find a "standard range" sentence that the court must impose. There are exceptions to sentencing in the standard range, but that is a discussion for another day. Generally, the court must impose a sentence in the standard range. If that happens, no one can appeal the sentence. If the court imposes an "exceptional" sentence beyond the standard range, either party may appeal.

Bale jumping on a charge of first-degree murder has a seriousness of six. With an offender rating of 0 (zero), the standard sentence of imprisonment is twelve months plus one day (meaning imprisonment) of up to fourteen months. The offender score is only nine online in the verdict. Anything higher than nine will fall into the standard range for a nine offender rating. The standard range for bail jumping with first-degree murder with an offender rating of nine is 77 to 102 months in prison.

Bale jumping on the original Class A felony charge has a severity level of five. The standard sentence range starts at 6 to 12 at your local county jail. For an offender rating of nine or more, the sentence is 72 to 96 months in prison.

Finally, a Beil jump on a Class B or C felony has a severity level of three. With an offender rating of 0, the range is one to three months in prison. The nine-plus offender rating range is 51 to 60 months. Sixty months, or five years, is the maximum sentence.

CONCLUSION:

As you can see, bail jumping is easy to commit. If you simply forget the court date, you can be charged and convicted of skipping bail. You can also see that it is easy to prove for the prosecution and difficult to defend for the defense, and the consequences are serious.

So, the word wise is NOT TO LOSE THE COURT! The wise will not be late. If they call your name and you're not there, you run the risk of failing to appear, a bench warrant and a bail charge. Assisting with your defense, not the prosecution; don't miss a date in court.